Why Africa Should Commemorate Slave Trade and Colonialism

 Why Africa Should Commemorate Slave Trade and Colonialism That Africans were sold as slaves to the Americas and the Arab world for
over 500 years is one of the gravest inhuman treatment in the world. No other race has been subjected to that kind of tragedy. To make matters worse, the collapse of the Slave Trade gave birth to Colonialism that enslaved everyone on the continent.

One of the gravest sins of omission is that up to this day, almost 60 years after African countries attained political independence, the continent has failed to mark these two tragedies to remind humanity to guard against inhuman treatment.

The Centre for African Aesthetics (CAA) plans to launch the Commemoration of Slave Trade and Colonialism in Nairobi, Kenya.

Is Bride Price Still Relevant in Africa?

By David G Maillu

The family is the foundation of African values, where the philosophy behind life is in addressing the matter of being born, living, procreation and death. The best of life, for any human, is living happily or with minimum problems. The failure of life is inability to obtain instruments which make life worth living.

Your life is consummated primarily within the context of the people you live with. Your weight is measured by the scale of balance in other people’s hands. On the ground, the immediate people who affect your life positively or negatively are members of your family; and the success and failure of your life can be measured by how you relate to those people.

Life on earth is manufactured by the sexual interaction between man and woman. The sexual attraction between the two is given many interpretations. It is within this premise that love is contextualized and marriage is born and maintained.

African religion pays tribute to the relations between man and woman. It starts off with how man and woman acquire each other for lifetime companionship. To be born does not guarantee you acquisition of a spouse. In life everything is acquired at a cost. One has to spend some energy and material things in order to acquire the opposite sex.

In African philosophy it is a man who goes out hunting for a woman. But when he finds the suitable one, how does he go about convincing her that he means business? How does he convince her family that he is genuine responsible and they can trust him with a member of her family since words are not enough? Beyond words he must sacrifice something in order to convince them. This is the beginning of bride price or dowry. In Africa, unlike in India and other communities, it is the man who pays the dowry because it is acknowledged that in matters concerning family and marriage, woman’s value overweighs man’s value.

To pay something in order to have a wife is different from buying an animal in a market place. “You can’t buy a human being,” goes the philosophy underlining bride price. Brice price is simply a test of commitment.

In traditional society the bride price is not the property of the parents of the girl. It belongs to the family. This is why the father cannot translate it into money form and then take it straight into his bank account.

Traditionally, the bride price obtained from a daughter called Titi was further used by the family to pay for the bride price of getting the brothers of Titi wives, with a strict memorandum of understanding that if Titi’s marriage fails and she is forced to return to her parental home, the brothers will take full responsibility of maintaining Titi and her children. Furthermore, a fraction of the bride price was used on members of the extended family who, in turn, are expected in future to help supporting Titi in case of the failure of her marriage.

Payment of the bride price by the suitor was a pride to the girl. It was a confirmation that she was a full woman. She shared her pride with the extended family. She got married with a family social insurance policy.

Today’s sham regarding the meaning of bride price is that, in so many families, it has been given commercial interpretation in which the bride price becomes strictly the property of the parents. In traditional society the bride price was given a standard by the clan. But today a father can proudly say, “I want so many shillings for my daughter.” The figure gets inflated if the daughter is highly educated. What the parents get, in most cases, does not profit her brothers and lay foundation for an insurance policy for her future.

Today the father can use that money to buy private property. When he dies the daughter may not even inherit anything from that property. Her brothers do not any more feel responsible for her social insurance. She is nobody. Even is part of that money had been used to pay for the school fees of a brother, there is no written contract that she will get any support from that brother.

It is from this angle that bride price has lost its nobility and has become a liability to the daughter. On one hand she gets absolutely nothing from the marriage of her brothers; but on the other hand her brothers feel entitled to the share of the bride price from the man going to marry her.

From here where do we go? In that miserable case, the person to decide to put this to an end is the daughter. She should not expect her parents to do it for her. She stands adversely affected because the man who paid the bride sees her from commercial aspect as an object he bought and consequently she has little say in the marriage. The second responsible institution to address this is the government. The government is too busy talking about bringing genital mutilation to an end, yet it does not address this discriminatory out-of-fashion practice. In fact, today bride price is worse than genital mutilation.

It is the daughter’s life which is at stake. If any down has to be paid at all, she is the one who should demand legal document signed in her protection. Indeed, she should be given equal treatment with her brothers.

African Politicians Degrade African Nobility

By David G Maillu

For a man to have more than one wife is a credit in African traditional society. Having more than one wife increases his social status and household. He talks about his marital status proudly. Polygamy has always been a noble practice in Africa society until the arrival of Whiteman’s colonialism of monogamy sold to Africans.

But if polygamy is a social disease, the Whiteman suffers from the same disease only that the disease manifests itself in a different way. The Whiteman’s polygamy is called “Consecutive polygamy” in which, if a married man wants to have a different wife, he knocks up reasons for divorcing her in order to create room for the second wife. If he gets tired with the second wife, he throws her out of the matrimonial bed in order to bring his third wife, and that method continues.

The nobility of African polygamy is that his conscience demands that he should keep all his wives because he is concerned about the welfare of all his wives together with the welfare of his children.

During the reign of Mwai Kibaki , the third President of Kenya, he treated Kenyans to marital embarrassment over his marital status when he told a Press Conference that he had only one wife.

Like many top African political leaders, Kibaki has more than one wife but publicly recognizes only one, Lucy; he doesn’t want any one, especially his Roman Catholic Church, to know that he married Wambui, the second wife, through customary Kikuyu marriage.

It is wrong for a polygamous man to pretend he is monogamous. This is both an abuse and degradation of African nobility. Thank God that we have the most conspicuous man armed with marital nobility. This is President Jacob Zuma of South Africa who displays his wives openly and proudly to the embarrassment of pretenders like Mwai Kibaki, the retired President of Kenya.

Unearthing Buried African Values

Julius Nyerere, frst president of Tanzania.By the time Africans states freed themselves from European colonialism, there was very little of African values, leave alone aesthetics, that Africans could proudly stand for in defence. Using Shakespeare’s expression, the Whiteman had not come to Africa to praise African values but to bury African values and promote Whiteman’s values. How much of those buried values have we uncovered up to now?

The first Presidents, in the lead Kwame Nkrumah, Julius Nyerere, Jomo Kenyatta, Kenneth Kaunda and the others were forced to start restoring and building Africa cultural values from wrong cultural foundations. The first President to tackle the subject rightly was Nyerere with his introduction of African Socialism. Kaunda talked about African Humanism but did not go far.

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Kwame Nkrumah was the first post-colonial President of Ghana.In fact, by that time the library of Whiteman’s scholarship had published lots of works arguing that Africa was devoid of History and Philosophy. However, African scholars in the independent states took up to rewriting the cultural history of Africans. The question is, how far have they gone up to now?

The answer is,they have not gone far. In fact they are still in the woods. I take several points as examples to illustrate their failure. One quarter of world languages are spoken in Africa. Find out how many African scholars have a diploma or first degree in any of the languages whereas there are virtually thousands and thousands with doctorate degree in English, French, Arabic, Spanish, Italian, Chinese!

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Kenneth Kaunda, the founding President of Zambia.The African continent can boast of having the widest varieties of food stuff in the world. Those who travel round the world know how aggressively Chinese menu has been promoted and what commercial status it has reached. What about the African massive menu?

Africa can boast of holding the largest field of traditional medicine in the world. But have our governments and scholars any devoted persons in the discovery and promotion of African medicine, African psychiatry, African psychology, African dietary? What are the consequences of that failure?

Eighteen choppers flew politicians to the Nderitu Gachagua funeral in Nyeri

Government Extravagance Irritates Taxpayers

By Mbithe Waeni

Uhuru Kenyatta, President and Raila Odinga, Opposition Leader, at the Nderitu Gachagua funeral in Nyeri.Kenyans have just buried the remains of a former Governor in a ceremony that could be described as being ostentatious.

Nderitu Gachagua, the former Governor of Nyeri County in central Kenya, died in the British capital, London, where he was seeking medical treatment.

Sleek limousines snaked to the late politicians home where 18 helicopters landed at the nearby grounds of Hiriga Primary School.

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This brazen display of power and wealth in a country gripped with famine and for whose three million starving population the United Nations humanitarian agencies have appealed for global assistance did not go well with observers who accused politicians of misuse of public resources.

Eighteen choppers flew politicians to the Nderitu Gachagua funeral in NyeriIt is good to bury anyone with respect . But Gachagua’s burial, like that of other government dignitaries, brought the head of state and anyone else who matters in Kenya’s administrative and political structures to the Mount Kenya region.

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Mwai Kibaki, Retired President, at the Gachagua funeral.A visiting European friend who watched the function on television teased me, “Is the deceased your President?”

“Yes, he is our king,” I said.

“How much money is the state using on that funeral?” he asked then, without waiting for an answer, said the funeral would have been attended by a handful people had it been in Europe where our presidents go on begging mission.

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Some of the 18 helicopters that ferried politicians to the Nderitu Gachagua funeral in Mount Kenya region.But just think about the cost of bringing the President there accompanied by the Governors of Kenya’s 47 Counties, Ministers, Principal Secretaries, Parliamentarians, senior Civil Servants, security machinery, friends and families of those attending; all driving petrol-gazzling SUVs, Land Cruisers while others fly helicopters. Think about the amount of petrol used, the amount of money spent on officers outside their station, the cost of telecommunication, the loss of productive work hours . . . !

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Gachagua's remains arrive in Kenya from Britain. The Star image.And this resource-wasting extravagance is not confined to funerals. There also weddings and fundraisers, and launches and commissioning of projects and conferences and many other social functions.

Open Letter to the White House

France and Germany Could Hire Retired US President


Chancellor Angela Merkel receives US President Barack Obama on his last tour to Germany before he retired France wants to ‘hire’ former US President Barack Hussein Obama to preside over their affairs.

A group of voters calling itself Obama 17, according to Saturday Nation of Nairobi, “has started an online petition to replace all the French presidential contenders with Mr Obama.”

Contenders for President include Marine Le Pen of the National Front, Emmanuel Macron of En Marche!, Benoît Hamon of the Socialist Party, and François Fillon of the Republicans.Incumbent president, François Hollande of the Socialist Party, is not seeking reelection in light of low approval ratings.

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The contenders for President include Marine Le Pen of the National FrontObama 17, reports Aggrey Mutambo in an item published on March 4, 2017, contends that none of the contestants for the country’s upcoming presidential election merit being on the ballot paper.

France votes for President on April 23, 2017. If no candidate attains the requisite majority, a run-off election between the top two candidates will be held on May 7, 2017.

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Just before going into retirement in 2016, some Germans jokingly asked him to succeed their Chancellor, Angela Merkel, while he was on tour in their country, Europe’s largest economy.

Open Letter to the White HouseThe request not only enjoyed international media coverage but also went into record as one of the greatest appreciations of Obama’s political nobility.

How come Obama, who has a Kenyan father, is appreciated more not by Africa but by the Whiteman’s world? The Whiteman appears to know the best of what he wants and how to get it while the Blackman appears to know neither what he wants nor how to get it.

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Embattled François Fillon is running for President in the April 23, 2017 French elections.David G Maillu’s book and open letter to Obama titled, “Adoption of Barrack Obama as the first President of Union of Africa States (UAS)”, is important to Africans and the Pan-African Movement.

If Obama became an adopted President in Europe he would be there to sign papers and executive orders to preserve what has already been acquired. In Africa, Obama would be not only a pioneer but a spiritual leader and implementer of the much needed infrastructure.

Muhammadu Buhari, the President of Nigeria, is also in London undergoing treatment.

Why Do African Governments Sabotage Public Health Systems?

By David G Maillu

William Ruto, Deputy President of Kenya, was in Europe for medical attention.It is only when African politicians die abroad or epidemics like the haemorrhagic fever called Ebola breaks out that attention is paid to the failed health systems across Africa.

Here in Kenya, Nderitu Gachagua, the Governor of Nyeri County in the central region has just died in London, Britain, where he had gone for treatment. Muhammadu Buhari, the President of Nigeria, is also in London undergoing treatment.

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As I write, President Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe is in Singapore for treatment while a while ago Kenya’s Deputy President, William Ruto, was in Europe for medical attention.

It has almost become a tradition for senior African politicians to be treated and even die in foreign hospitals. This is not only an indictment of the political system but also an indication that hospitals across the continent are not up to standard.

Medical Doctors in Kenya protest against the county's Government that they accuse of reneging on a collective bargaining agreement aimed at improving public health in the country. A nationwide strike has paralysed healthcare across the country since December 2016. This reminds me of an article titled ‘BBC Africa Debate to Discuss Failed Health Systems in Africa’ that I read in ArtMatters.Info a while back. The article was written at the height of the Ebola outbreak in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia in West Africa in 2014.

The article, that publicised a continental debate that was to be aired on British multimedia broadcaster, BBC World Service, says, “The Ebola epidemic has exposed the fragility of public health systems . . . with healthcare workers dying alongside their patients as they lack basic necessities. The epidemic also has exposed weak leadership from governments across the region, which have been slow to act, and revealed a potentially dangerous lack of trust from their electorates.”

That was three years ago. In West Africa.

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Uhuru Kenyatta, Kenya's President, has been accused of not holding direct talks with medical doctors to end nationwide strike that has paralysed healthcare across the country.Back in Kenya in 2017, all top government officials including the President, seek medical treatment abroad while Kenya proudly talks about having the national teaching and referral Kenyatta National Hospital (former King George VI Hospital). It beats reason that Kenyan officials who run the government, including the President, should not be treated at the Kenyatta National Hospital not only for the sake of promoting patriotism and national pride, boosting confidence in our local medics and boosting the economy of the country by injecting the resources spent abroad in our own health facilities.

What these senior politicians are saying is that the medical service in local hospitals, including Kenyatta National Hospital, is awfully primitive and not worth writing about. This is not only disgraceful and disgusting but also irresponsible of the government! It is as shameful as hiring foreign military forces (read, mercenaries) to fight on our behalf while we maintain soldiers in our own military barracks.

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It is actually the Kenyan government which is had been engaged in the process of abusing and degrading health services from its national hospitals.

Back in Kenya in 2017, all top government officials including the President, seek medical treatment abroad while Kenya proudly talks about having the national teaching and referral Kenyatta National Hospital (former King George VI Hospital).If the Kenyan government was really responsible, by now it would have used its might to equip and modernize public health facilities like Kenyatta National Hospital and thereafter made it mandatory for all government officials, including the President, to seek treatment from public hospitals. In fact, the government of Kenya could be accused of deliberately running down public health institutions: it has little respect for doctors who have been on strike since December 2016; hospitals have few functioning medical equipment, drugs are unavailable while we hear that Sh5 Billion was stolen by health officials who are yet to be investigated and punished.

Ignoring Culture Undermines Development

By David G Maillu

Dissertation-clutching David G Maillu argues that ignoring African culture retards 'development' in all its possible manifestations.I am afraid we are on course for ignoring our cultural library and threatening our our cultural development. Instead of going forwards we are going backwards. That library holds an incredible collection of millenniums of socially and scientifically tested and successful living paradigms.

For instance, let us borrow a leaf from what happens in the Maasai community. If you steal a cow and you are caught, you earn the punishment of paying seven cows for the crime. The same goes when you steal a goat, sheep or whatever. Of course, paying seven cows is not that cheap. So, the victim cries to his family to help him raise the fine. The family responds with the assistance but on strict a condition that he should never, never repeat that mistake again. If he repeats the mistake he earns being disowned and chased away from the location or, in some cases, he gets disposed of.

In the culture we have imported religiously, you stand, as it were; that you only belong to the state. When you steal a goat you are arrested charged and imprisoned. But if you are smart, virtually you can buy justice through corruption. These days you can easily make profession out of stealing and getting away with it. The equation of your family doesn’t come in and its contribution y to national security safeguarding doesn’t come.

That explains why traditionally your family has the duty of exercising control over your social behaviour. If your family cannot contain you, it cries to your clan to help it contain you. Within that perimeter, your family would interfere when, as a married man, you resort to beating up your wife. Yes, she is your wife, but she’s your family’s wife too. You are because the family is and the family is because you are.

Within that framework, your sex is not yours exclusively. You are bound to earn your family’s punishment if you attempt to misuse or monopolize your sex. You should bear yourself with the realization that your sex is an asset to the family. The family is also capable of moving to help you solve your sexual problem.

It is a commonplace in traditional family that, for example, if the family has a married son who is mentally weak and there is fear in the family that he will end up fathering weaklings and subsequently weaken the family’s strength for its survival, the family takes a secret move to break the chain of fathering weakling. The family identifies an outside strong man and arranges for the wife to get a “seed” from him. The question of infidelity is overruled by survival necessities. This is religiously unquestionable. The outcome would benefit the family and, indirectly, benefit the survival the nuclear family. This is because a strong person within the family is good for the progress of the family. This arrangement is also applicable, going by the judgment of the family, if the husband is unable to father children with his wife.

The culture and religion we have proudly imported says that the sex of the couple belong exclusively to each other. Any deviation from that, whether for survival or for whatever reason, is a sin. It is also punishable by law. You are judged by the thermometer of your inclusive family. Your nuclear family is an engine put in place to run the collective welfare of the extended family on behalf of yourself, your extended family and community.

In other words your family is the watchdog of your nation. It is obvious what responsible role a solid family plays to the contribution of national security. This explains why in traditional settings crimes and jails do not exist. Now, what happens when you break away from the family hold in order to uphold the western concept of nuclear family where you pay tax only to the gods of individualism?

In spite of the many university graduates we are producing, in spite of the big multitudes of church worshippers flocking into churches and the big churches and mosques we are building, I am afraid, unless our social effort is founded on our cultural roots; the state is fighting a war that it will never win. Unfortunately, we are engaged in creating a culture of inhumanity and criminality in the name of civilization that, indeed, should be referred to as moral syphilisation.

Life After Death

By David G Maillu

David Maillu's painting titled 'Fate'.Let’s talk about our life and, first and foremost, give it a scientific glimpse regarding what life is. Life, science can also tell us, is a bundle of active and nuclear energy enclosed in a human body. That energy is a spark of the universal energy. You can say that spark is similar to the spark from the effervescent molten thing, like beer. The spark of the beer returns to the beer to become one with the beer. My hypothesis it that, scientifically, that is what happens to the “human” spark. It loses being active and returns to the mother universal energy.

Africa and the world, is full of uncountable stories, even scientifically proven, of people who have died returning to haunt relatives in form of ghosts, even when they had died decades ago. They are labeled as ghosts, spirits, angels, gods. They all have one thing in common. They don’t have tangible bodies. They are capable of appearing and disappearing and, like x-ray, they can go through solid walls perhaps, because they live in other dimensions.

There is a documented story that the ghost of Abraham Lincoln of America is, even up to this age, a frequent visitor of the White House, perhaps watching the behavior of the people and to quietly advice the White House holders on how to move on securely.

When I was engaged in writing the “African Bible” one of the participants, the late Professor Osaga Odak, retold us how, shortly after he was born and given a name, his parents suffered desperately from his endless day-and-night crying which went on for months until they became sure that the boy was going to die because he could hardly eat for crying.

Medical doctors could not help them at all. Until one day they were forced to consult a diviner regarding the fate of the child. They diviner told them a simple story that the child was crying because he was given a wrong name. The baby boy had a relative who had been dead for a long time. That relative was the one demanding that the boy should be named after him so as to invite him back to the family. The parents had no alternative but to do exactly that. They set off by dropping the name of the child and thereafter reorganized for a new ritual in renaming the child. When the ritual was accomplished and the baby boy given the new name, the crying ended completely.

Angel, an illustration by David MailluThis is not a new story to many African homes. This is why naming a child is a religious event in traditional Africa. During prayers, the dead-living spirits are given acknowledgment. The dead-living spirits live among the living human beings, although their role remains mysterious. There are endless stories of practical advice and revelation offered to the living by ancestral spirits. African religion has it that some of those spirits remain solid guides to the living where, if necessary, they can effect disciplinary punishment to the living in order to force them to reform. It is religious in Africa to acknowledge the potency of ancestral spirits for which the Whiteman has described as primitive and pagan religion.

If this sounds strange, return to the religions Islam or Christianity. For example, faithfuls strongly believe that Jesus is still alive. Both Mohammed and Jesus are ancestors believed to be dead-living. The Catholic Church bring into fold the Mother of Jesus and pray to her, as also they pray to other ancestors that include biblical Abraham, Jacob and so on.

Have we been faithful to our ancestors or have we broken traditional religious cardinal laws? Terrible things are written on our political the walls. Isn’t time for us to stop and take stock of our native religion regarding where we might have wronged our ancestors in order to earn and witness the awfully alarming happenings taking place particularly in the Central Province community?

Promoting African Values for Posterity

By David G Maillu

David Maillu sings, strumming his guitar, as Junxia Mbithe records it on a video camera.Recently I was confronted by one young man, let me call him Musangi who, perhaps in order to vent his frustration, argued with me sharply demanding, “Professor, what’s in these African values you people talk about which are invisible to us today anyway?”

I attempted to reduce his heat by advising him to simply address me as Maillu; but he backfired, “Why should I do that when you are one that lot?” On a light note he sarcastically said, “We look forward to that lot’s demise then we can find our own feet in our world and live happily thereafter.”

“That serious?” I asked and Musangi ridiculed, “Is your lot ashamed of getting old and becoming respectable elders? Every where I go I meet them with raven black dyed hair that they may to look young like us even when they are in your eighties?”

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From Musangi’s attack I realized something. That the old generation has gravely failed in delivering our traditional treasures to the young. That’s where the rains started beating us. Both the educated and the government should bear the blame.

Then I remembered Okot p’Bitek’s Song of Lawino in which the wife character expressed her pride is ridiculing the westernized husband. I further remembered Okot calling brides’ wedding dresses mosquito nets. Okot also asked the meaning of that rungu carried in Parliament, now spread over to be carried in parliaments of Country Governments without any explanation. Chief Justice Mutunga should be given credit for abandoning wearing that overflowing and stupid white-sheep-skin that Justice Gicheru was fond of wearing.

An epic fantasy graphic novel inspired by myths,legends, and historical events from across Africa as conceived by Kugali, a Lagos (Nigeria)-based arts outfit.The subject of “African values” is an immense subject that cannot be addressed in an article like this one. African values is the traditional cultural ship responsible for African interpretation of life and how to live that life. That ship is both the shrine and religion of the people. Period. That man indirectly was telling me we have defiled the shrine and almost become irrelevant to the present generation. Yes, there is the Kiswahili saying, Mwacha mila ni mtumwa; he who has abandoned his culture becomes a slave to other cultures. Very beautifully said.

However, on the ground we have not been promoting that culture. For example, in Kenya, we have got a Ministry of Culture that, ideally, should be the most important Ministry. But that Ministry is the most lost and toothless Ministry in the Kenyan government. Culture has been presented as watching traditional dances expressed by people dressed in skins, beating drums, jumping and the rest.

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Cultural promotion has been left to writers who, in any case, are working in hostile political climate in which they are perceived as liabilities. Notwithstanding, most of African writers run gravely short of being proud of their traditional values. That’s why they are at peace in aping foreign writers.

The government has taken a back seat in development and promotion of people’s cultural values. When Chinua Achebe wrote The Problem with Nigeria, instead of being given credit, he because the enemy of the Nigerian Government. The government was the mother and Achebe was trying to uncover his mother. The question was not what dangerous thing the mother was hiding under the dress.

The Centre for African Aesthetics GardenIn as far as promotion of African values is concerned, most African presidential regimes have utterly failed citizens. If there were courts of law for Presidents to face charges because of principally abandoning African values, they would all end in jail. But, those regimes have been terrorizing and imprisoning cultural activists.
The address should begin by answering this one million-dollar question.

What is there on the ground for the average person to make him/her feel proud of his cultural roots? When the visiting African Professor or Diplomat or tourist is travelling to Europe, Asia or America, what African values can he put on the bargaining table to show that he belongs to a civilization? He stands face-to-face with civilized people who are religiously proud of their cultural values when he is appears culturally rootless.

In nutshell African regimes and their Presidents are naked, crying to be dressed in imported clothes.

Back to my Musangi. I didn’t talk long with Musangi before I discovered that he had swallowed a couple of beers. Nonetheless, he had made an important point and was focused when he asked me, “Give me a sample of one of those values.”

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“In Maasai traditional law,” I said, “if you are caught having stolen a cow, you are sentenced to pay seven cows.” That is an effective deterrence for stopping your from stealing. Your family is involved in raising the payment. Your family is forms the checks and balances of your behavior. That is why your stealing propensity becomes highly controlled. In our imported law, your family is not the keeper of your moral register; you are on your own. If you steal a goat you will be arrested, charged and jailed. Which method is better in upholding morality – the imported or the traditional one?”

He agreed that the traditional one was superior. He opened the door for me to add that the integrity of the family is the backbone of African social order; and that a government is a replica of an extended family. The social fabric is broken in the nuclear the checks and balances of the extended family are removed. If the government catered for the full rights of the extended family, the government would harvest grand social order that would reduce sharply domestic disputes and need for the police force and prisons. In that traditional setting crimes were effectively obliterated from the communities and prisons did not even exist.

As things stand at this stage, it looks that the writer is the only messiah that could help in the recovery of those fast vanishing African values. His government is either suffering from both amnesia and shortsightedness. That’s awfully serious because the rot of a fish begins from the head.